As a woman ages into her late 30s, the natural decline in the quantity and quality of eggs can create fertility issues, leading to questions on biological clock fertility. However, many women are just not ready to conceive in their 20s and early 30s. Fertility preservation provides a woman with options to have a baby according to her timeline – not the biological clock. This is where freezing your eggs can become an option.
Egg Freezing Process
Step 1 Consultation & Work Up
Your RMANJ care team will work with you to design a customized fertility preservation (egg freezing) treatment plan in NJ that addresses the clinical and/or physical factors and barriers to achieving your goal. Once a comprehensive work-up of your hormone levels and physical examination have been conducted, your care team will start your egg freezing cycle.
Step 2 Stimulation
Daily subcutaneous gonadotropin injections are given to stimulate production of multiple oocytes (or eggs) rather than the single egg normally produced by the body each month. The stimulation process may continue for 7-10 days, during which your RMANJ care team monitors your fertility treatment progress personally with ultrasound examinations and blood work over several days. Once the follicles containing eggs have reached an appropriate size, typically around 18mm, a single and critically timed injection of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) is used to help final maturation of the eggs and spur ovulation.
Step 3 Oocyte Retrieval
Thirty-six hours after the hCG injection, the eggs are removed from the ovaries. The process of egg retrieval is a short 30 minute procedure performed in our office. Anesthesia is administered to ensure patient comfort during this process. Doctors direct a needle into the follicles of the ovary, guided by an ultrasound probe, to retrieve the eggs. Most women are able to return home an hour or so after the procedure.
At this point eggs are cryopropreserved using a technique called vitrification (rapid freezing).
Vitrification is a “rapid freezing” technique that prevents formation of water crystals during the freezing process, minimizing chemical toxicity. Many scientific studies have confirmed that vitrified eggs survive and retain reproductive capabilities better than “slow freezing” or other conventional techniques for freezing eggs. The procedure is available for women between 21 and 40 years old.
Experimenting with many different cryoprotectant combinations and protocols has led to a better understanding of what it takes to reliably freeze, thaw and fertilize human eggs without compromising their reproductive potential, leading to a better understanding of biological clock fertility.
For additional questions and information on biological clock fertility and freezing eggs in NJ, please contact us today or call 973-656-2089. You can also schedule an appointment at one of our offices today.